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2020年全市小麦秋种手艺定见

宣布日期:2020-09-25 17:03
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bennianwoshixiaomaiqiuzhongshouyizhunshengshi:duizhilvsegaozhigaoxiao,zhongdianyouhuazhongleijihua,yikuanfujingbo、biaozhunhuashoucheng、boqianbohoushuangdanyaweizhutuishouyi,shizaijinbuzhengdiheshouchengpinzhi,weipeiyangdongqianzhuangmiaodianjijiangugenben。

一、随机应变,优化种类计划

(yi)suijiyingbianxuanyongzhonglei

yishianzhaobendizhongleishiyanchengguozhidaozhuangjiamixintiaoxuanliezhong;ershilianxibendixianshi,jinyibuyouhuazhongleijihua;sanshianzhaoshandongshengdangjubangongtingyinfade《duijiakuaiyoulianggongyongxiaomaicaichanliyichengzhangduoshaobanfa》“…jihuadao2025nian,quanshengyoulianggongyongxiaomaishizhimianjidaoda3000wanmu,cizhongqiangjinxiaomai1200wanmu,jianchengtianxiazuidadeyoulianggongyongxiaomaishangfengchanqu”qingqiuheqiangjinxiaomaishichangxuyao,guofenkuozhanyoulianggongyongxiaomaimianji,kendingqiangjinxiaomaizhongleijiqishizhimianji。

1.qiangjinxiaomaijidi。zhongdianxuanyongjimai44、jinan17、hongdi95、zhouyuan9369、jimai229、zimai28、taikemai33、yannong19deng。

2.shuijiaodikuai。zhongdianxuanyongjimai22、luyuan502、shannong28、tainong18、taimai198、yannong999、liangxing99、shannong29hao、rumai1hao、liangxing66、shannong20hao、denghai202、yannong1212deng。

3.handimaitian。zhongdianxuanyongqingmai6hao、qingmai7hao、lumai21hao、hongdi95、hongdi166、qimin7haodeng。

4.daochamaitian。zhongdianxuanyongjimai22、yannong24、liangxing66dengnaishiduosuizhonglei。

5.tesexiaomaishizhiqu。baojushizhishannongzimai1hao、shannongnuomai1haodeng。

(er)nituchuzhizhongzibaoyi

zhongdianfangzhigenbubinghaihegongkaiyichong,shizaijiazhongxiaomaijingjifubing、genfubing、wenkubingdengbinghaihemiaoqigongkaiyichongfengxian。gongkaiyichongmidudadedikuaiketingzhinituchuzhi,zhengdishimeimuyong0.08%saichongqinkeliji 40~50qiankehuo3%xinliulinkeliji3~4qiankebanxishatu20~30qiankehuo48%dusipiruyou0.5~1qiankeduishuinongsuohoubanxishatu50qianke,lianxidifeisafatou,erhougengparutu。zhongzichuzhishibaiqiankezhongzikeyong27%benmi·ge·saichongxuanfuzhongyiji300haoshenghuo32%wuzuochun·bichonglinxuanfuzhongyiji500haoshenghuo48%benjia·bichonglinxuanfuzhongyiji400haoshengtingzhibaoyi。nituchuzhihezhongzibaoyikeyouyongxiajiangmiaoqigenjingbubinghaihegongkaiyichongdechanshenglv。

二、邃密整地,打好泥土根本

gediyaoduizhishixingjieganhaitianyipeifeidili,qianchazuowujieganyao“qiesui、sayun、maishen、yashi”,peitaocaozonggengxuanpayazhengdishouyi,jinyibujinbuzhengdipinzhi。

(yi)jieganhaitian

yumijieganpohuaizhangdu5limiyixia,shouchengzaodeyumijieganpohuaihouyaoxianlonggaikongzhong,bijikailouzhengdiqiansashijiegankuaifuji,jiakuaijieganfuchou。

nitushengengnenggouhuoxutupolidiceng,jinbunitushenshui、xushui、baofeihegongfeicaineng;hainenggouhuoxugenghaodimaizangzuowujiegan。changdaogenianshengeng,yixiajiangqiuzhongzhengdibenqian,putongjuli2~3nianshengeng1ci,shengengfan30limijiyishang;shengenghoujixuanpa2~3bian,liangzhejulishihouyueduanyuehao,yizuidaxianzhixuejianpaoshang。

xuanpanianfenyaojinbujieganhaitianpinzhi,xuanpa15~17cm,xuanpa2~3bian,yumijieganmaizangheyunitudejiazajieguobinibaofu。

(er)peifeidili

jieganhaitiandegenbenshang,zengshiwujifei,jinbunitugengcengdewujizhihanliang。putonggaochantianmushiwujifei2500~3000qianke;zhongdichantianmushiwujifei3000~4000qianke。yaodinglituixinghuafeishenshishouyi,guoduangenjuedibiaosashi。

chabiedilichengduhuafeideshiheshiyongliangcankaozhiwei:

1.dichantian(muchan300~400qianke):mushichundan(n)6~10qianke,lin(p2o5)3~5qianke,jia(k2o)2~4qianke,feiliaonenggouhuoxuquanshudishi,huodanfei80%dishi,20%qijiaqizhuifei。

2.zhongchantian(muchan400~500qianke):mushichundan(n)10~12qianke,lin(p2o5)4~6qianke,jia(k2o)4~6qianke,linjiafeidishi,danfei60%dishi,40%qijiaqizhuifei。

3.gaochantian(muchan500~600qianke):mushichundan(n)12~14qianke,lin(p2o5)6~7qianke,jia(k2o)5~6qianke,linjiafeidishi,danfei50%dishi,50%qijiaqihuobajieqizhuifei。

4.chaogaochantian(muchan600qiankeyishang):mushichundan(n)14~16qianke,lin(p2o5)7~8qianke,jia(k2o)6~8qianke,linfeidishi,dan、jiafei50%~40%dishi,50%~60%bajieqizhuifei。pinfaweiliangyuansudedikuai,yaozhuzhongbushixinfei、pengfeideng。

三、标准收成,进步收成品质

gediyaoduizhi“shishang、shiqi、qiadang”shouchengsanzhunsheng,zonghecaozongxiaomaikuanfujingbo、biaozhunhuashoucheng、boqianbohoushuangdanyadenglvsegaozhigaoxiaochuchanshouyi,quebaoyiboquanmiao,miaoyun、miaozhuang。

(yi)shishangshoucheng

xiaomaishouchengshigengcengdeshiheshangqingweinitujueduihanshuiliang70%~75%。qiuzhongshishangqingshihe,yaobianzhengdibianshoucheng;ruoshangqingquefayao“qianboyashui”,xianganzhengdi、ganzuoqi、ganshoucheng,boshenjiezhizai2~3cm,bohou2~3tianjiao“mengtoushui”。

(er)shiqishoucheng

shiboqiyingzhizudongqian0℃yishangjiwenwei550~600℃·ri,jipingjunqiwen16~18℃shishouchengweihao。boqizhanlveguofendiaoji,changyi“10yue8rikailou,10yue13rigouchengdaliu,10yue18rijunshizaozhongcha”,zuihaoboqiwei10yue10rizhi15ri。rubunengzaishiqineishoucheng,yaozhuzhongqiadangjiadaboliang,zuodaoboqiboliangxiangfuhe。

handimaitianruoguoqingjieqianhoushangqingshihe,nenggouhuoxutizaochenshangshoucheng,danyaoqiadangxiajiangshouchengliang。daochamaitianshoudaohouqianxuangengshouchengdikuai,yaozaishangqingshiheshijinzaoxuangengshoucheng;ruoshoudaoqianhoupengdaoyuduodishi,buyongzijueganzhongnianboqi,shihejiqijindishixuangengshoucheng;jubudaidaoliuchuandikuailiuchuanshihouwei“10yue3riqitou,10yue8rigouchengdaliu,10yue13rijunshi”。

(san)qiadangshoucheng

yaodinglituixingxiaomaikuanfujingboshouyi,shouchengshendu3~5limi,shouchengjiqianjinsulvyimeixiaoshi5qianmiweihao,quebaoxiazhongpingjun、shenqianfenqi、xingjufenqi、buloubo、buzhongbo,peiyangdongqianzhuangmiao。zaishiqishouchenghuanjingxia,fenniechengsuilvdidedasuixingzhongleirutaimai18,shihemugenjimiao15wan~18wan;fenniechengsuilvgaodezhongduosuixingzhongleirujimai22,shihemugenjimiao13wan~16wan。zaiciguimonei,gaochantianyishao,zhongchantianyiduo。wanyushiheshouchengqishoucheng,meiwanbo2tian,meimuzengtiangenjimiao1wan~2wan。

(si)boqianbohoushuangdanya

boqianhuobohoudanyashijinbuxiaomaichumiaopinzhi、miaoqikanghanlihexiajikanghanlideyouyongbanfa。yishixuanyongdaidanyazhuangpeideshouchengjitingzhishoucheng,suizhongsuiya;ershishumoqianhouzhishuangdanyakuanfushouchengyitiji;sanshijieganhaidibukuai,dinglituixingzizoushidanyaji,zaixiaomaishouchenghoudanya1~2bian,jinbudanyajieguo,baozhangxiaomaichumiaohougenxiyibanchengzhang,jinbukanghancaineng。

四、树模推行绿色高产高效新手艺

anzhaoxinqingshixiaguoduxiaomaicaichangongyingcejihuaxingdingxinhexinjiudongnengzhuanhuadeqingqiu,zaixiaomaigaochantiaojianxia,shumotuixingyipishenggongshengshi、zibenjiejian、huanjingyouaidexiaomailvsegaochangaoxiaoxinshouyi,zengjinxiaomaichuchanyushengtaihuanjingdiaohechengzhang,zouxiaomailvsekeyanxuchengzhangzhilu。shiyi,bennianzaixiaomaichuchanzhong,quanshizaizhongdiantuixingxiaomaikuanfujingbo、biaozhunhuashoucheng、danfeihouyi、yipensanfangdengchengshushouyiwai,haiyaosuijiyingbiandishumotuixingyixialvsegaochangaoxiaoxinshouyi:

(yi)xiaomaiceshangbuguanjieshuishizhishouyi

gaishouyishishandongnongyedaxuexiaomaishizhiyantaoshidianmoshiyunianmosuoyantaoshenglidexinshouyi。zheixiangshouyideyaodianshi:qishouanzhaoxiaomaiguantoushengyangqijiandexushuitese,shedingguantoushengyangqijiandefangzhennitujueduihanshuiliang,zaianzhaofangzhennituhanshuiliangheshicedenituhanshuiliang,caozonggongshijijiaochuxuyaobuchongdeguanshuiliang,erhouanzhaoxuyaojixiaomaijiaoshui。rusianxujiaoshui,qidannenggouhuoxujiejianshuiziben,hainengbimianguofenyongshuidailaidebiedetimu。

(er)xiaomaibingchongcaohailvsefangkongshouyi

gaishouyizhongdianshizengqiangnongzuowubingchongcaohaizhanwangyugao,zhangwobingchongcaohaifangzhideguantouqijian,jienanongyefangzhi、shengtaikongzhi、shengwufangzhihehuaxuefangzhixianglianxi,mixinxuanpeilvsehuanbaoxingnongyao,caozongxinxingshiyaojiqizujianzhibaozhuanyebanshidui,jiadatongfangtongzhirenwulidu。yaodianbaohan:yishijinnenggouhuoxuzaidongqiantiaoxuanshihedechucaojitingzhimaitianchucao;ershiyaoyanhuhecaozongmaitianyichongdegeleitiandi,chanyangtianditianrankonghaiganhua;sanshishumotuixingcaozongpinzhenshishachongdengdengshachongxinshouyi;sishidinglituixingshengwunongyao,yankonggaodunongyao,baojucaozonggaoxiao、didu、dicanliu、lvsehuanbaoxingnongyaofangzhimaitianbingchonghai,xuejianhuaxuenongyaocaozongliang。

(san)xiaomaishuifeiyitihuashouyi

xiaomaishuifeiyitihuashouyishijiezhuyalijiaoguantixi,jiangkerongxinggutihuoyetifeiliaoxiaorongzaijiaoguanshuizhong,anxiaomaideshuifeixuyaojilv,jingyouguochengkekongguandaotixijianjiebaosongdaoxiaomaigenbusizhoudenitugongyingxiaomaijieshou。qiteseshinenggouhuoxuqiequedijiezhiguanshuiliangheshifeiliang,jiaozhejinbushuifeicaozonglv,jubeijieshuijiefei、jiedijianchanzengxiaodengshangfeng,shiyixiangcaozongyuanjingguangmodegudainongyexinshouyi。woshiyiweipenguanhediguanweizhu,gediyaoanzhaochuchanxianshihenongrenxuyao,tingzhishiyanshumohetuixing。

(si)xiaomaijiqidanyashouyi

xiaomaiqiuzhongshi,jienajiqiboqianhebohoudanya,duijinbuchumiaopinzhihebimianmiaoqiganhanganhuajiaozhe。dongqianhechuchunjiqidanya,nenggouhuoxujinbukangdong、kanghancaineng,jubeiwangzhangfangkongdengjieguo。jinjinian,gaixiangshouyiwoshiyizairencheng、liangshan、zoucheng、jiaxiangdengditingzhileshiyanshumotuixing,quanshengguimoneijining、taian、dezhou、binzhou、zibodengdiyiyoujiaodatuixingmianji,changyibenniangedijinzaojingying,jinlikuozhanjiqidanyatuixingmianji。

(wu)xiaomaiaotuqishizhishouyi

gaishouyishibinzhoushinongyemixinyuanzuowuyantaosuotichudeyixiangxinxingjieshuijianchanshouyi,tebieshihandimaitianjieguojiaozhe。gaishouyijiangchuantongdeqigengzhengpingyashishouchengxiaomai,bianqigengweigaoqi,gouchengaotulianggeqimian,gaoqiyudiqijunshizhixiaomai,wanchenglequantianwugengshizhi,jiaozhejinbuledipanheguangnengcaozonglv,jubeijianchan、jieshui、kongcaodeshangfeng,gedikeanzhaobendixianshigaohaoshiyanshumorenwu。

五、查苗补种,确保全苗

bohouyaojinzaojianchachumiaohuanjing。duiyouquemiaoduanlongdikuai,yaojinzaotingzhibuzhong,tiaoxuanyugaidikuaibuyizhongleidezhongzi,tingzhizhongzibaoyihuoyaojibanzhonghou,kaigoupingjunsazhong,shangqingchadeyaojiao“genzhongshui”。



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